Why You Breathe Deep to Sniff a Flower

first_imgIt may sound like a 747 when your uncle blows his nose, but scientists at Imperial College found nose airflow to be more complicated than the aerodynamics of a jumbo jet’s wing, according to a press release by the reporting the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council .  They made a 3D model of the nasal passages and studied colored liquid and beads as they flowed through.  The press release comments, “The fluid dynamics of the nose is one of the most complex in the body, even more so than the flow of blood through the heart, with anatomical structures that cause eddies, whirls and recirculation.”Dr Denis Doorly, the other principal researcher [with Bob Schroter], said, “People are used to the flows around an aeroplane being complicated but that is in some ways simpler than understanding the flows inside the nose.  The geometry of the nose is highly complex, with no straight lines or simple curves like an aircraft wing and the regime of airflow is not simply laminar or turbulent.”   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)This leads to the answer to the question posed by the title of this entry:The research has mapped the flow of air around anatomical landmarks in the nose, such as the conchae and has discovered why we need to breathe deeply to smell a flower.  Our sense of smell relies on a sample of air reaching the olfactory bulb at the top of the nose and that requires a sharp breathe [sic] and a high velocity shot of air to reach it.  The Imperial scientists have found that the geometry of the nose causes the air to eddy around in the vicinity of the bulb so you can smell the flower.One of the results of the study may be to design better ways to unblock a stuffy nose.  Come to think of it, the sneeze response is usually pretty effective, and pretty amazing, too.  It involves coordination between the lungs, the eyes, the brain, the nose and the diaphragm.Sniffing must be true for all mammals.  Watch your dog sniff in puffs of air when trying to smell an object.  If the olfactory bulb were always exposed to every breath, it might overwhelm the brain with TMI (too much information).  This way, it allows the user to focus on a smell when it wants to.  So not only is the olfactory bulb offset from the breathing passage, it sits where the air forms an eddy, allowing it to get multiple readings for higher resolution.  Remember the 11/07/2001 headline, also, that reported you have a code in your nose.  Who designed the fluid dynamics of this system?  Charlie?  Eheu! (see 10/10/2002 headline).(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

SA author wins best world children’s book award

first_imgKiki, the big-haired hero of Anita Poupouroulis’s award-winning children’s book, ‘Oh, What a Tangle!’ (Image: www.AnitaPoupouroulis.com) By Anne Taylor26 November 2013South African author Anita Pouroulis has won a top international award at the China Children’s Book Fair in Shanghai for her picture book, Oh, What A Tangle! The book is illustrated by Monika Filipina Trzpil.The book fair, the first to be held in China, was held over two days in Shanghai earlier this month, and was attended by some of the biggest names in children’s publishing. Published by UK company Digital Leaf, Oh, What a Tangle! was awarded the Golden Pinwheel prize for best International original Picture Book.“These days there are many challenges facing small presses and it was a great thrill to show the rest of the world what we’ve achieved.” – Neil Jeffries, publisherA spokesperson for the Golden Pinwheel Awards said the prize was founded to encourage excellence in children’s publishing and promote cultural diversity and international exchange “while at the same time showcasing the leading edge of the children’s publishing industry, spreading the latest international children’s reading materials and raising the overall quality of children’s reading materials”.The story is about a young girl called Kiki, who has beautiful hair. “But she’s not really into brushing it and prefers to do more fun things like draw on her shoes or paint designs on her hands,” Pouroulis writes on her blog. “And so the usual tangle develops … But the things that happen as a result of this tangle are highly unusual and rather funny!”Digital Leaf, a children’s digital publisher, was formed in 2011 by Neil Jeffries and Dustin Brooks. It only started publishing books last year.Pouroulis grew up in Johannesburg, but now lives in Spain with her family. Oh, What a Tangle! has been translated into Spanish and Catalan.Oh, What A Tangle! has also been developed as an animated interactive app and is available from  iTunes and the Google Play store.last_img read more

Energy Star Homes Must Comply with Version 3 Guidelines Now

first_imgSince the Energy Star team first released the Version 3 guidelines over two years ago, they made several revisions and have adjusted the implementation schedule. Currently, they’re up to Revision 5 of Version 3, and some items have been delayed, but Version 3 kicked in for good on Sunday. Really! If the house you’re hoping to qualify for Version 2.5 was permitted before 2012 and had its final inspection by the end of Saturday, 30 June 2012, you’re golden. If you’ve slopped over into July, it’s Version 3 for you!I’ve included the Energy Star Version 3 implementation schedule graphic here, and you can see that since we’re now in July, it’s all Version 3, no matter when the house was permitted or finished. What to watch out forSo, now that it’s really here, what are the big issues with qualifying new homes under Energy Star Version 3? There are a few, and they add up. We’ve qualified a lot of V2.5 homes and a few V3 homes through Energy Vanguard Energy Ratings, our HERS rating providership, and here are three obstacles that we’re seeing:Bath fans – Energy Star Version 3 requires bath fans to be able to exhaust 50 cubic feet per minute (cfm) of air. The HERS rater has to measure it, too, so when builders put in 50 cfm bath fans, they’re probably not going to pass. The typical bath fan moves only half its rated air flow, so a 50 cfm fan generally won’t cut it for Energy Star. One problem is the duct that makes an immediate 180° turn (as shown in the photo below), but there are other reasons bath fans underperform, too.HVAC contractors – Energy Star Version 3 expects a lot of HVAC contractors. On the whole, they had great difficulty with the minimal V2 program requirements (Manual J, properly sized cooling system, coils matched according to AHRI standards). Now they have to do full HVAC design and commissioning and get certified through the Quality Assurance program of the Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA). The fees for that are over $1000 to get started and then about $820 per year (not including ACCA membership) to continue. Not many have done it yet. There are only 12 Georgia HVAC contractors listed on the ACCA website as of today. Even in Texas, which has probably had more homes qualify for Energy Star than any other state, only 63 HVAC contractors are listed.Cost – Energy Star has a document that shows their projections for the extra costs and savings (pdf) associated with qualifying a home for Version 3 versus having it meet the 2009 IECC. They say it will cost a home builder in the range of about $3500 to over $9000, depending on location, to qualify for Energy Star Version 3. The problem is that the builder doesn’t realize the savings; the homeowner does. Also, they’re comparing Version 3 costs to the costs to build to the 2009 IECC, which not everyone is doing yet.Of course, these aren’t the only things that builders are balking at and getting stuck on. The requirement that all homes must have mechanical ventilation systems and Grade I insulation installation (or continuous insulation) are a couple of others.So, now that the new guidelines are here, what happens next? Energy Star Version 3 is no longer an entry level energy efficiency program. Getting the Energy Star label on your home will be a lot more meaningful now that Version 3 is mandatory.What are you seeing out in the field? Builders, are you sticking with the program? HVAC contractors, why aren’t you jumping in yet? HERS raters, what other hangups have you found? RELATED ARTICLES Efficiency Programs Struggle to Stay Ahead of Energy Codes The Energy Star Homes Program Raises the Bar with Version 3Energy Star Version 3 Version 2 had a fixed HERS Index requirement of 85 (or 80 in the far North); Version 3 has a variable HERS Index target, which is usually in the low 70s.Version 2 had one checklist for the HERS rater: Version 3 has 4 checklists: 2 for the HERS rater, 1 for the HVAC contractor, and 1 for the home builder.Large houses have to get to a lower HERS Index because of the new Size Adjustment Factor.All parts of the building envelope must have Grade I insulation or continuous insulation.All Version 3 homes must have mechanical ventilation systems that meet the requirements of ASHRAE 62.2.center_img On the 1st of this month, the Energy Star new homes program moved fully (well, almost) into the much more rigorous set of guidelines called Version 3. There’s been a lot of discussion on the the transition for the past three years, when the Energy Star team at the U.S. EPA first started vetting the update with HERS raters and home builders. In case you’ve ignored or haven’t heard much about it yet, here’s a quick overview of what’s new: Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a RESNET-accredited energy consultant, trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard blog.last_img read more

Connected cars may give automakers the key to advertising dollars

first_imgTags:#advertising#automotive#connected cars#Internet of Things#IoT#Software The automotive industry is undergoing its biggest transformation since the 1908 Model T, the car that opened up travel to the middle-classes of America. But unlike in 1908, it isn’t about the price or production of a car, but how connectivity and automation will change the business model for manufacturers and the experience for consumers.Autonomous vehicles are still at least a decade away from public launch, says Ford’s head of research Ken Washington, but the connected car should be reaching nearly 380 million consumers in less than five years.There has been a significant rise in the sales of connected cars from 2015 to 2017 from eight million to 30 million, according to a Business Insider report. It estimates nearly 100 million connected cars will be sold by 2021.The proliferation of this technology presents new opportunities for automakers, which have been relegated to selling the car and not much else. The connected car provides manufacturers with a way to sell software updates, infotainment services, and use the data collected for advertisements, similar to Google or Facebook’s business model.Delphi, one of the largest automotive suppliers in the world, has already caught onto this trend. In 2015, it acquired a data analytics startup called Control-Tec for an undisclosed amount and Movimento in early 2017, a startup that works on providing over-the-air updates to cars.Both acquisitions are clear signs that Delphi wants a piece of the connected car future, even if it is just supplying automakers with the capabilities to utilize this technology.New revenue modelsThe hope, for automakers, is the connected car provides two revenue models, similar to Apple’s iPhones. The car is sold to the customer and then data is taken from what the driver listens to, where they live, where they work, how long they commute, which is then sold either as an advertising profile or to ad-networks.It may be hard for the automaker to sell both however, as is the case with Apple’s decision to bundle software and update products for free. Consumers may also push back against having more of their personal information sold to the highest bidder.In the U.S., consumer advocacy groups have called on automakers to ensure that private data will not be sold to advertising agencies. The European Union is also looking at legislation that would prevent the car becoming another product for advertising, as the computer and smartphone have become. For Self-Driving Systems, Infrastructure and In… Break the Mold with Real-World Logistics AI and… David Currycenter_img IT Trends of the Future That Are Worth Paying A… Related Posts 5 Ways IoT can Help to Reduce Automatic Vehicle…last_img read more

Industry Interview: Emmy-Nominated Composer Dominik Scherrer

first_imgFrom mercurial detectives to mysterious widows, Composer Dominik Scherrer has worked on projects of all types. We sat down to discuss process, influences, and advice.PremiumBeat: This year, you’ve worked on the U.K. series Baptiste and the Amazon Prime original The Widow. As a composer born in Zurich, music may be a universal language, but have you found that the process of composing for various outlets, in various countries, changes how you work?Dominik Scherrer: I came to London as a teenager, and I have worked primarily in England and for the U.S. But, of course, as you say, the shows we produce will go out in many territories. In the end, there is no point in second-guessing any market. We just have to take the decisions that we think are the best for the show.The Missing (BBC/New Pictures Ltd).PB: You have a working relationship with the Williams brothers, having scored the Starz/BBC’s The Missing and the Amazon thriller series The Widow. Is it an advantage to work with producers you’ve worked with before? Any challenges?DS: I love their style of scriptwriting, it’s multithreaded and complex, and there is often an inherent mystery in the structure itself. It’s very conducive to writing a score because you can create connections between the strands, which are visually maybe not on the surface. Jack and Harry Williams are lovely to work with, and we have a lot of fun. I like having them around at my studio to play with musical material. They are not afraid to speak their minds. It’s fun to have a history together and we can refer back to situations in the past — where things worked or didn’t.Dominik Scherrer and Natasha Khan (Best Television Soundtrack The Ivors 2019). Photo via Mark Allan.PB: You’ve been nominated for an Emmy for The Missing, and received your fourth Ivor Novello Award nomination and won for Netflix’s Requiem (which was co-composed with Natasha Khan, a.k.a. Bat for Lashes). Obviously, recognition from your peers is personally gratifying, but more importantly, it seems to acknowledge that the scores support the storytelling in a significant way. How do you see your role as composer in the storytelling process?DS: Breaking down the story is normally the first step — seeing how a story can evolve and how to support that thematically — finding a thematic structure. It can be scary because it always makes me realize that the score could make or break the show. I often try to sketch out an entire episode very roughly, just to get an idea of the overall flow, often starting from the ending, then working backwards towards the front. Then, I get the producers to come around, and we can evaluate the rough structure and continue onto more detailed spotting of individual cues.The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (Anchor Bay).PB: Any composers or artists that influenced your style?DS: J.S. Bach. I was surrounded by his music for the first eighteen years of my life. And Nick Cave throughout all his permutations from indie-punk, crooning ballads, and soundtrack work. Debussy, Stravinsky, Steve Reich, John Adams, John Williams (my first big soundtrack experience), Michael Nyman (my second big soundtrack experience, when I came to England and films such as The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover were released). I could go on for a long time. There is a lot of amazing music, and I keep studying works of composers through the ages. I am also very influenced by rhythms of East-European music, and have studied Indian Raga, and I’m a fan of Afrobeat.Kate Beckinsale in The Widow (Amazon).PB: If you were going to mentor a young composer, what do you feel is the most significant element you could contribute to their growth — as both an artist and a professional?DS: I think, rather than trying to be a jack of all trades, a young composer will benefit from finding a musical “niche” that feels unique to them, and keep developing and refining that further. That will be a good way to get noticed, too. And then — work with other people. Music is a communal process. Get players in early and try material. Work with the musicians closely, and have fun. Don’t hide alone in the studio.Cover image via Baptiste (BBC).Looking for more industry interviews? Check these out.Industry Interview: Documentary Editor Aaron WickendenIndustry Interview: DJ Stipsen, DP of “What We Do in the Shadows”The Sun is Also a Star Film Composer Herdís StefánsdóttirIndustry Interview: Miles Hankins — The Composer Behind “Long Shot”Industry Interview: CW Costume Designer Catherine Ashtonlast_img read more

Beaten Pacquiao to ‘think hard’ about retiring

first_imgPacquiao briefly retired from boxing last year to pursue his long-held political ambitions and was elected senator. But he quickly made a successful comeback against Jessie Vargas in November, saying he still felt like a youngster.The 29-year-old Horn’s ultra-aggressive style proved too much for Pacquiao, with the three judges scoring the fight 117-111, 115-113 and 115-113 to the Australian after 12 rounds.On Monday, Pacquiao made disparaging comments about his opponent.“He’s not really good but he’s really strong,” Pacquiao said of Horn, as he questioned the decisions of American referee Mark Nelson.“There is no problem with the style of Jeff Horn if he plays dirty, because there is a referee,” Pacquiao said.ADVERTISEMENT China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lakers ink rookie Ball to four-year deal Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines, left, and Jeff Horn of Australia fight during their WBO World welterweight title bout in Brisbane, Australia, Sunday, July 2, 2017. APEight-time world boxing champion Manny Pacquiao has said he will “think hard” about retiring after his stunning and controversial defeat to unheralded Australian challenger Jeff Horn.Arriving home in the Philippines a day after losing his World Boxing Organization welterweight title in a major upset in Brisbane on Sunday, the 38-year-old Pacquiao said he was thinking about hanging up his gloves for good.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ “I am also considering the opinion of people, the opinion of my family and my body,” Pacquiao told ABS-CBN television on Monday night when asked about retirement.“I plan to relax first and recover from the pains in my body and then after that, when I have already relaxed, that’s when I will think hard about it.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsImmediately after the fight, Pacquiao had said he wanted a rematch with Horn.Pacquiao’s wife, Jinkee, and his trainer, Freddie Roach, had said they would advise him to quit boxing after a phenomenal 22-year professional career in which he won world titles in an unprecedented eight weight divisions. LATEST STORIEScenter_img Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Cayetano to unmask people behind ‘smear campaign’ vs him, SEA Games “The problem here is that the referee, I don’t know if he did it deliberately or he just did not have experience, he just allowed it and did not even give any warning for how many times. It’s as if the referee wanted to help my opponent.”RELATED STORIESRoach mulls retirement for PacquiaoPacquiao: I won by 4-5 roundsSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games What ‘missteps’? Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena View commentslast_img read more

Cheteshwar Pujara dropped as Team India finally runs out of patience

first_imgCheteshwar Pujara was on top of the world in early 2017. He had broken Chandu Borde’s record for most runs by a batsman in an Indian first-class season after a prolific run against New Zealand, England, Bangladesh and Australia at home.In 11 Test matches in 2016, Pujara had scored 836 runs including three hundreds. The next year, Pujara was more phenomenal. In 11 Tests in 2017, he scored 1140 runs and hit four hundreds.But there was a deeper meaning to those numbers when looked at closely. Those runs mostly came at home. In 2016 and 2017, the only Test series India played away from home were in West Indies and Sri Lanka.In 2018, before the England tour, India had played four Tests including three in South Africa. Pujara played all four and scored 135 runs with a lone half-century against Afghanistan.ENGLAND VS INDIA 1ST TEST DAY 1Pujara’s numbers in Australia, England, New Zealand and South Africa are abysmal. As a number three batsman, he was expected to score big runs consistently. Moreover, he was expected to fill the big boots of Rahul Dravid. Cheteshwar Pujara faced the axed in the first Test between India and England at Edgbaston. (Getty Images)In England, Pujara managed only 222 runs from five Tests in 2014. Besides, in the lead-up to the first Test of the current five-match series, Pujara had a disappointing county stint and failed to make an impression during the practice match against Essex.His poor numbers in tough conditions finally cost him his place in the playing XI. KL Rahul, who enjoyed a sensational IPL season and topped that up with a scintillating hundred against England in the T20 International series, replaced Pujara at number three.advertisementRahul, on the other hand, has made a solid impression as an opener in Test cricket whenever he got the opportunity. In fact, during India’s extended home season, Rahul equalled the record for most consecutive Test half-centuries. In England, there was no way the team management could have ignored him.last_img read more

‘Plan Secure Jamaica’ Well Advanced – P.M. Holness

first_img “This will take time, and the development of unity of purpose within the Parliament, the whole of the Government and the entire country around crime management strategies and methods,” Mr. Holness said. Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, says the Government is well advanced in executing Plan Secure Jamaica, which will target a reduction in murders below the regional average of 16 per 100,000 (under 500) within the next decade. Story Highlights He was addressing the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 8) on the expiration of the States of Public Emergency (SoEs). Prime Minister, the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, says the Government is well advanced in executing Plan Secure Jamaica, which will target a reduction in murders below the regional average of 16 per 100,000 (under 500) within the next decade.“This will take time, and the development of unity of purpose within the Parliament, the whole of the Government and the entire country around crime management strategies and methods,” Mr. Holness said.He was addressing the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 8) on the expiration of the States of Public Emergency (SoEs).Mr. Holness said he remains in touch with the Parliamentary Opposition on the matter which he noted was discussed with Opposition Leader, Dr. Peter Phillips, on January 2, 2019.Additionally, the Prime Minister said a follow-up involving representatives of the Government and Opposition were held on January 7, 2019.Consequent on Parliamentary votes taken on December 11, 2018, which saw the Opposition voting against extending the States of Public Emergency, the security measures in St. Catherine North expired on January 2, 2019, and sections of the Corporate Area on January 7, 2019.The State of Public Emergency in St. James is scheduled to expire on January 31, 2019.Prime Minister Holness informed that for 2018, 1,287 persons were murdered, 21.9 percent less than 2017 and 4.9 per cent fewer than 2016.He further indicated that there were 1,154 shootings, 22.3 percent less than 2017 and a 5.9 per cent decline over 2016.“In effect, Jamaica currently has a murder rate of approximately 47 per hundred thousand. This is almost three times higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean, which has the highest homicide rate globally of 16 per 100,000 of population,” he stated“We are approximately eight times higher than the global average of six per 100,000. Bear in mind, that New York, a metropolis of more than eight million people, had a murder rate of 3.3 per 100,000 or 289 murders in total,” he added.The Prime Minister noted that, on average, approximately 18,000 deaths are registered in Jamaica annually, noting that based on 2014 data, 67 per cent of deaths, five years and older, were due to Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs).However, he stated that in the age group 15 to 35, violence is the main cause of deaths, accounting for one-third of the casualties.“Violence is the second leading cause of death in the age group 35 to 45. These are the most productive years of our citizens. If this were a disease, epidemiology would classify this as a health emergency,” Mr. Holness said.As at January 7, 2019, 20 murders have been recorded, compared to 45 in the previous year. In St. Catherine North, for 2018, murders decreased by 28.5 per cent and shootings by 40.9 per cent respectively, compared to 2017.In St. James, murders decreased by 70 per cent in 2018 and shootings by 58.6 percent respectively, relative to 2017.“Though we have made significant gains in the reduction of violent crimes, we are not out of the woods. The criminal elements still retain the capacity, capability and the intent,” Mr. Holness said.He added that through the employment of the States of Public Emergency and Zones of Special Operations “we have been able to reduce the opportunities to commit crimes and reduce the capability of some criminals.”“However, the threat they pose still exists and are above the capacity of regular law enforcement in some areas. The statistics highlight that there are some areas of specific cause for concern. I wish to point out that Kingston and St. Andrew accounted for 11 out of the 20 murders,” the Prime Minister said.“With the resources at our disposal; we will continue to focus on containing the gangs; maintaining presence as best as possible in order to reassure the public, using all the powers available under the Jamaica Constabulary Force Act to ensure the maximum level of security possible for our citizens. We have been doing so by using curfews and other methods at our disposal,” he added.Mr. Holness said the Government continues to increase the amount of resources allocated to enhance the capacity of the criminal justice and law enforcement systems to be able to respond effectively to the growing and multiple threats to our national security and the peace and safety of the community.last_img read more

Demand for LNG on the Rise in Nordics Marine Market

first_imgDemand for LNG as a marine fuel has risen significantly, especially in Nordics marine market, according to a Norwegian LNG supplier Skangas.The driving force behind the rise is the addition of new vessels to the LNG-powered fleet on the back of ever increasing conversion of ships to dual-fuelled engines and a switch to LNG as marine fuel in anticipation of more stringent environmental regulations.The market has been waiting for the LNG bunkering vessels, according to Skangas.The switch to LNG has been prominent in European waters, Gunnar Helmen, Sales Manager – Marine for Skangas said, where, until recently, most of the traffic consisted of ferries and RoPax cruise ferries routinely traveling set routes.1,000 LNG bunkering operations included:Truck-to-ship 60%Terminal-to-ship 38%Ship-to-ship 2%“Today, the supply pattern is more diverse due to the use of a greater variety of vessels, that require different types of bunkering solutions.  And we are responding directly by offering a number of solutions for this market.”Skangas said that it has completed 1,000 LNG bunkering operations in 2017, representing more than 60 pct increase over previous years. This was enabled, among other things, by the introduction of the company’s customized bunker-feeder vessel Coralius into operation in 2017, which delivers LNG through ship-to-ship bunkering at sea.As responsible marine transport and shipping companies seek cleaner fuel alternatives to power their fleets, Skangas expects demand for LNG by the marine market to increase significantly during the coming years.“Already, the number of bunkering operations we’ve executed for the marine market is higher than in Q1 2017,” said Helmen.“Clearly, 2018 is set to be another exciting year for Skangas, as we continue to provide readily accessible LNG to industries that operate at sea and onshore throughout the Nordics.”Image Courtesy: Skangaslast_img read more